The Wool Industry
Book format: An electronic version of a printed book that can be read on a computer or handheld device designed specifically for this purpose.
Publisher: Date:8/5/2009 - General Books LLC
By: Paul Terry Cherington
Excerpt from book: CHAPTER III THE DOMESTIC WOOL SUPPLY fTHE sheep-raising industry of the United States I is in a state of transition. The changes taking place in every part of the country are so radical that any prediction as to what its future is to be is purely speculative. If the continued success of American woolen and worsted manufacturing industries depended on the preservation of American wool-growing in the condition in which it has existed for the past twenty-five years, their future would be dark indeed. As American agricultural conditions become more intensive there may be a serious returning to sheep- raising. But it seems probable that this will not be in the form in which the industry formerly prevailed, either in the merino sections of New England, or the "fleece wool" sections of the Mississippi and Ohio Valleys, or the "territory wool" sections farther west. All three of those former types of sheep-growing seem to have disappeared or to be undergoing revolutionary change. A more probable future form for sheep culture here would be some form similar to the sheep-raising methods of Europe. A practical wool grower describes European conditions as follows: The traveler in England, Scotland, and parts of France and Germany is impressed by the importance of the sheep industry to these lands. Sheep farms are often found close together and of large size with great numbers of sheep thereon. The writer has stood on one hill in Dorsetshire and counted eight shepherds, each with his flock of about 400 ewes and their lambs, in sight at one time. Nearby,in an adjoining county, flocks of Hampshires exist as large as 2,500 on farms of not above 1,400 acres of not extra soil. These flocks are very profitable and they make rich soils that without the sheep would be hardly worth cultivatin...