The Wonders of Geology
Book format: An electronic version of a printed book that can be read on a computer or handheld device designed specifically for this purpose.
Publisher: Date:8/5/2009 - General Books LLC
By: Gideon Algernon Mantell
Excerpt from book: LECTURE VII. 1. Introduction. 2. The Carboniferous System. 3. The Coal Measures. 4. Coal-field of Derbyshire. 5. Coalbrook Dale. 6. Coal-shale and Vegetable Remains. 7. Mountain, or Carboniferous Limestone. 8. Derbyshire Lead Mines. 9. Old Red Sandstone. 10. Geographical Distribution of the Carboniferous Strata. 11. Volcanic Rocks of the Carboniferous Epoch. 12. Organic Remains. 13. Vegetable Structure. 14. Coniferous Trees. 15. Climate and Seasons indicated by Fossil Wood. 16. Vertical Trees in Carboniferous Strata. 17. Vertical Trees in English Coal Mines. 18. Trees in Craigleith Quarry. 19. Sections of Fossil Wood. 20. Coal. 21. Mineral Oil, Naphtha, Petroleum. 22. Bitumen, Amber, Mellite. 23. The Diamond. 24. Anthracite, Kilkenny Coal, Plumbago. 25. Petrifaction. 26. Artificial Petrifactions. 27. Stages of the Petrifactive Process. 28. Hazel Nuts filled with Spar. 29. Silicification. 30. Plants of the Coal . 31. Fossil Mare's-tail. 32. Fossil Ferns. 33. Sigillaria. 34. Lepidoden- dron. 35. Fossil Lycopodium, or Club-moss. 36. Stigmaria, 37. Seed-vessels in Coal. 38. Coniferae. 39. The Carboniferous Flora. 40. Modern Formations of Coal. 41. Corals and Crinoidea. 42. Mol- lusca of the Carboniferous System. 43. Crustacea. 44. Limulus, or King-crab. 45. Trilobites. . Eyes of Trilobites. 47. Insects of the Coal. 48. Fishes of the Carboniferous System. 49. Retrospective Summary of the Flora of the ancient World. 1. Introduction.The examination of the recent and fossil zoophytes, which formed the subject of the last discourse, will enable us to comprehend many of the phenomena relating to the ancient coralline rocks hereafter to be noticed. I now resume the geological argument from which we have for a while digressed, and hasten to the consideration of the Carboniferous system...