The Winning of the West (pt. 6)
Book format: An electronic version of a printed book that can be read on a computer or handheld device designed specifically for this purpose.
Publisher: Date:8/5/2009 - General Books LLC
By: Theodore Roosevelt
Excerpt from book: CHAPTER III THE MEN OF THE WESTERN WATERS, I798-I8O2 THE growth of the West was very rapid in the years immediately succeeding the peace with the Indians and the treaties with England and Spain. As the settlers poured into what had been the Indian-haunted wilderness it speedily became necessary to cut it into political divisions. Kentucky had already been admitted as a State in 1792: Tennessee likewise became a State in 1796. The Territory of Mississippi was organized in 1798, to include the country west of Georgia and south of Tennessee, which had been ceded by the Spaniards under Pinckney's treaty.1 In 1800 the Connecticut : Reserve, in what is now northeastern Ohio, was taken by the United States. The Northwestern Territory was divided into two parts: the eastern was composed mainly of what is now the State of Ohio, while the western portion was called Indiana Territory, and was organized with W. H. Harrison as Governor, his capital being at Vincennes.2Harrison had been Wayne's aid-de-camp at the fight of the Fallen Timbers, and had been singled out by Wayne for mention because of his coolness and gallantry. Afterwards he had succeeded Sargent as Secretary of the Northwestern Territory when Sargent had been made Governor of Mississippi, and he had gone as a Territorial delegate to Congress.3 1 Claiborne's " Mississippi," p. 220, etc. 1" Annals of the West," by Thomas H. Perkins,p. 473. A valuable book, showing much scholarship and research. The author has never received proper credit. Very few indeed of the Western historians of his date showed either his painstaking care or his breadth of view. In 1802 Ohio was admitted as a State. St. Clair and St. Clair's supporters, struggled to keep the Territory from statehood, and proposed to cut it down in size, nominall...