The Social economist
Book format: An electronic version of a printed book that can be read on a computer or handheld device designed specifically for this purpose.
Publisher: Date:8/4/2009 - General Books LLC
By: George Gunton
Excerpt from book: The Southern Social Problem. What of the negro ? This is the question which confronts all students of social problems, who consider the bearing of the late election on the future of the South. The answer of the average philanthropist is, "Educate him," and the pessimistic reply of the average Bourbon is a denial of the possibility of accomplishing this. Laying aside the question whether the condition of the Southern colored man is in any degree worse than would be that of any other race-type handicapped by ages of savage ancestry and generations of bondage, it may fairly be doubted whether mere education, in the conventional sense of the word, will solve the difficulty. The change in a man's condition which raises him from a low to a high estate is really education in the etymological sense of that word, it leads out the best that is in him: but general acceptance must govern our use of words, and the point we wish to make first is that mere education does not educate the colored man, or at least, has not so far educated him. It has made the attempt, which is quite another thing. Few people in the northern or western states realize how thorough has been this attempt. The Rev. Dr. A. E. Dickinson, editor of the Religious Herald, a Baptist paper published at Richmond, Virginia, astonished some of his denominational brethren in Boston several years ago by telling them that the whites of the South, since the civil war, had contributed not less than $75,000,000 for the education of the colored people. This amount has since been increased by several millions. Yet, such is the force of the reactionary tendency of that environment to which, after availing themselves of the educational advantages offered them, the educated few of the colored race must return, that they do not perceptib...