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The Rise and Decay of the Rule of Islam

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Pages: 186

Book format: An electronic version of a printed book that can be read on a computer or handheld device designed specifically for this purpose.

Publisher: Date:8/4/2009 - General Books LLC

By: Archibald Joseph Dunn

Excerpt from book: CHAPTER IV. MAHOMET IS APPOINTED GOVERNOR OF MEDINA.—PROCLAIMS HIMSELF PROPHET AND VICEGERENT OF GOD.—CONVERSION OF ARAB TRIBES.—CAPTURE OF MECCA.—HIS SCHEMES OF CONQUEST.—HIS DEATH.- THE PRINCIPLES OF THE KORAN. INDING that it was now necessary to play a bold game, Mahomet at once assumed openly the character of God's Prophet and Vicegerent: and by the assistance of some powerful and influential followers succeeded in being appointed ruler of Medina, and of two of the most powerful Arab tribes in the vicinity. He next gave out that it was the will of God that his followers should take up arms against the enemies of Islam, meaning at this time the ungrateful inhabitants of Mecca, who had rejected his teaching. The Arabs were nothing loath to adopt so agreeable and profitable a precept, and theycarried it out enthusiastically after their own fashion, and to the great pecuniary advantage of themselves and the children of the Prophet. They organised predatory bands, and intercepted and robbed the caravans of Meccans trading with Syria, and this with such success that they soon materially affected their trade. Mahomet now found no difficulty in concluding alliances with many of the neighbouring Bedouin tribes, and with their assistance declared open war against the Meccans. He marched against them with a small army of three hundred and fourteen men—zealots inflamed with religious ardour and eager for plunder. The Meccans met him at Badr with six hundred men, but were defeated with heavy loss. A great many adventurers from all parts now flocked to his standard, and he continued his expeditions against the Koreish, the tribe to which he himself belonged, and the Jewish tribe of Beni Keinuka, whom he conquered and brought under subjection. After some years of hostilities t...  


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