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The Outlines of Rhetoric for School and Colleges

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Pages: 144

Book format: An electronic version of a printed book that can be read on a computer or handheld device designed specifically for this purpose.

Publisher: Date:8/4/2009 - General Books LLC

By: Joseph Henry Gilmore

Excerpt from book: FOKMS OF DISCOURSE. There are several different Forms of Discourse which demand recognition in a critical survey of the entire field that we propose to traverse. I. Representative Discourse. This is predominantly Logical. In it, the matter is presented for its own sake, without especial purpose or especial regard to form. II. Poetry. This is predominantly Esthetic. The matter and the purpose of discourse are subordinate to the form. III. Oratory. This is predominantly Ethical. It proposes an end to be attained, to which the matter and form of discourse are entirely subordinate. Oratory may be regarded as the highest and most perfect type of Rhetoric : since it appeals to all the faculties of the human mind — the intellect, the sensibilities, and the will. Hence, after more minutely characterizing the several forms of discourse, Oratory will be considered as the normal type, variations from which are to be noted and explained, though they will not demand independent discussion. By adopting this method, much tedious repetition will be avoided, since all the forms of discourse are, in many respects, essentially similar. chapter{Section 4I 20 OUTLINES OF RHETORIC. Prime essentials to Representative Discourse are: 1. Accuracy. 2. Completeness. 3. Clearness. Elegance may be a defect, as distracting attention from the subject matter. Any appearance of passion, self- interest, or any purpose save simply to represent a matter precisely as it is, will be sure to be a defect. De Quincey, Historical Essays, vol. ii., p. 178 sq., says: " A man who has absolute facts to communicate from some branch of study external to himself,—as physiology, suppose, or anatomy, or astronomy, — is careless of style, or, at least, may be so, because he is independent of s...  

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