The Orion: Or, Researches Into the Antiquity of the Vedas
Book format: An electronic version of a printed book that can be read on a computer or handheld device designed specifically for this purpose.
Publisher: Date:8/4/2009 - General Books LLC
By: Bál Gangádhar Tilak
Excerpt from book: THE KEITTIKAS. Nakshatras in old Vedic times generally mean asterisms and not aodiacal portionsThe present and the older position of the solstices In later worksIn Vcdanga JyotiahaAn objection against its antiquity examinedPassages in the Taittiriya Sanhita and Brabamana The Kfittikas head the NakshatrasDeva and Yama NakshatrasTheir real meaningTaittiriya Sanhitft vii. 4, 8. discussedJaimini's and Sbabara's interpretation of the same Conclusions deducible therefromWinter solstice in MaghaVernal equinox in the KrittikasThe age of the Sanhiti2350 B. C. Bentley's arguments and views criticised. We Have seen that the ancient Aryas originally commenced their year, which was luni-solar and siderial, with the vernal equinox, and that when the beginning was changed to the winter solstice both the reckonings were kept up, the one for sacrificial and the other for civil purposes. Let us now examine if there is any reliable evidence to show that the Vedic priests made any corrections in the calendar when by the precession of the equinoxes the cycle of seasons gradually fell back. All our present calendars are prepared on the supposition that the vernal equinox still coincides with the end of Revali and our enumeration of the Nakshatras begins with Ashvint, though the equinox has now receded about 18 from Revati. It has been shown by Prof. Whitney (Surya Siddhanta, viii"., 9 note, p. 211) that the above position of the vernal equinox may be assumed to be true at about 490 A. 0 Taking this as the probable date of the introduction of the present system, we have now to see if we can trace back the position of the vernal equinox amongst the fixed circle of stars. The question, so far, as one antecedent stage is concerned, has been thoroughly discussed by Colebi ooke, Bent...