The consular service of the United States
Book format: An electronic version of a printed book that can be read on a computer or handheld device designed specifically for this purpose.
Publisher: Date:8/5/2009 - General Books LLC
By: Chester Lloyd Jones
Excerpt from book: CHAPTER II. Consular Organization, Rights, And Duties Of Consuls. The consular service at present has thirteen grades of officers exercising duties of widely dissimilar character. In the highest grade, consul-general, there are now included over forty offices,1 located at the cities most important in commerce with the United States, or where local political conditions make it advantageous for us to have an officer bearing that title. Ordinarily but one consulate-general is located in a country, though there are several exceptions, notably Germany, where three such offices are stationed. Except in Calcutta, Dresden and Mexico, the consulates-general exercise supervision of the consulates within specified surrounding districts.2 This supervision, however, is formal rather than real, inasmuch as it extends only " so far as it can be exercised by correspondence," and pertains to the enforcement of the " consular regulations," but in no sense to the auditing of accounts. In certain districts also all correspondence and reports from the consuls must be sent to the government through the consulates-general. As " principal officers " under the consuls-general, are the consuls and commercial agents. The latter class in the character usually held by representatives of the United States bearing that name, are peculiar to our service. They possess all the powers and privileges of consuls and differ from them only in grade, as they are commissioned by the President directly and not like the two upper classes by the President " with the consent of the Senate." Representatives bearing the same title, though with inferior powers, have been appointed by the government on various occasions, and indeed those appointed before 1856 usually had only the limited rights.8 The subordinate consula...