The coming of Parliament
Book format: An electronic version of a printed book that can be read on a computer or handheld device designed specifically for this purpose.
Publisher: Date:8/5/2009 - General Books LLC
By: Lionel Cecil Jane
Excerpt from book: BATTLE OF SLUYS 2$ temporary freedom of the cities, but more than this he could not do. Philip studiously avoided a decisive battle, and contented himself with intriguing among the German allies of England. Despite his office as Imperial Vicar, Edward found himself without any great support. The Flemmings were desirous only of protection against their count, and the neighbouring princelings were easily won over by France. As a result, the military operations came to nothing, and the only important battle was the naval engagement of Sluys (1340). There Edward caught the French fleet, which had been collected to cut the communications between England and Flanders, at anchor and so badly placed that its superiority in numbers was valueless. The battle which ensued resulted in the practical annihilation of the French navy. But even this success had little result, and, hampered by lack of adequate supplies and by the disaffection of his allies, Edward was glad, before the end of the same year, to conclude a truce. This armistice lasted for nearly two years, and was marked by the collapse of Edward's coalition. Philip had already won over the small German states, and now the Emperor himself deserted England, in the hope of gaining the good offices of the French king in his quarrel with the Pope. Artevelde continued to maintain his friendship with the English : but all the other allies made peace. The truce was eventually ended by a dispute concerning the succession to the duchy of Brittany. On the death of Duke John III., his brother, the Earl of Montfort, and Charles of Blois, the husband of hisniece, claimed the succession (1342). The French peers supported the latter, and Montfort did homage to Edward. Civil war followed, and the French and English came into conflict. No decisi...